Home. What is EECP?. Benefits of EECP. Is EECP safe?. Is EECP Effective?. Patient Experiences. How EECP Works. Applications of EECP. Clinical Data. Further Studies. EECP Videos. EECP News. Contact Us. Doctor Patient
Copyright © 2008-12 - Dove Clinic - All rights reserved.
Enhanced External CounterPulsation
Available at The Dove Clinic


A study of 30 patients with ear problems such as sudden deafness and tinnitus refractory to other treatments found that tinnitus decreased in 47% of the patients by an average of 16dB after EECP.  This was achieved after just 5-10 hours treatment and the improvement persisted at one year follow up. (Offergeld et al, Laryngorhinootologie, 2000)

Erectile Dysfunction

A German study in 1998 of 13 patients with erectile dysfunction found that 11 of 13 reported improved erectile function, with an increase in penile artery flow by 200%. (Froschermaier et al, Urol Int,1998)

Bibliography List of EECP Angina & Heart Failure

Bonetti PO et al, Enhanced External Counterpulsation for Ischaemic Heart Disease. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 41 (11),1918-25

Arora RR, Chou TM, Jain D, et al.  The Multicenter study of enhanced external counterpulsation (MUST-EECP): Effect of EECP on exercise-induced myocardial ischemia and anginal episodes.  The Journal of the American College of Cardiology  1999;33(7):1833-1840.

Urano H, Ikeda H, Ueno T, et al.  Enhanced external counterpulsation improves exercise tolerance, reduces exercise-induced myocardial ischemia and improves left ventricular diastolic filling in patients with coronary artery disease.  Journal of the American College of Cardiology.  2001;37(1):93-99

Michaels AD, Linnemeier G, Soran O et al. Two Year Outcomes After  Enhanced External Counterpulsation for Stable Angina Pectoris  (from the International EECP Patient Registry (IEPR)) American Journal of Cardiology,93, 461-464.

Soran OZ, Kennard ED, Holubkov R, et al.  Enhanced External Counterpulsation in Heart Failure Patients:  Results of a Pilot Study.  Journal of Cardiac Failure, 2000;6(3):48(180).

Gorscan III J, Crawford L, Soran O, et al.  Improvement in Left Ventricular Performance by Enhanced External Counterpulsation in Patients with Heart Failure.  Supplement to the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 2000;35(2):230A #901-5.

Suresh VD, Lawson W., Hui JCK, et al.  Does EECP Improve Cardiac Function in Ischemic Cardiomyopathy?  Presented at The American Federation for Medical Research, Baltimore, Maryland.  April 12, 2002.

Strobeck JE, Baklajain R, et al.  The emerging role of enhanced external counterpulsation in cardiovascular disease management.  Cardiovascular Reviews & Reports.  1998:6-11.

Stys TP, Lawson WE, Hui JCK, et al.  Effects of enhanced external counterpulsation on stress radionuclide coronary perfusion and exercise capacity in chronic stable angina pectoris.  The American Journal of Cardiology.  2002;89:822-824.

International EECP Patient Registry, University of Pittsburgh School of Public Health

Arora RR, Chou TM, Jain D, et al.  Effects of enhanced external counterpulsation on health-related quality of life continue 12 months after treatment: A substudy of the multicenter study of enhanced external counterpulsation.  Journal of Investigative Medicine.  2002;50(1):25-32.

Holubkov R, Kennard E, Kelsey S, et al.  A report from the international enhanced external counterpulsation registry (IEPR).  4th International Congress on Coronary Artery Disease.  2001;October:387-391.

Lawson WE, Hui JC, Cohn PF.  Long-term prognosis of patients with angina treated with enhanced external counterpulsation: five-year follow-up study.  Clinical Cardiology.  2000;23(4):254-258.

Feldman C, EECP:  Current Experience and Future Directions, American College of Cardiology Conference, 2002

Soran O, Kennard ED, Feldman AM.  Does Enhanced External Counterpulsation (EECP®) Reduce the Refractory Angina Burden in Patients with Left Ventricular Dysfunction:  A 2 Years Follow-Up Study.  Presented at the International Academy of Cardiology’s 8th World Congress on Heart Failure/Mechanisms and Management, 2002; July 16th

Doctor review a head scan

EECP - Further Studies